OK, going to lay it out flat for you. Your Dad has a serious problem. He will not work to fix it until he sees it is a problem. You can talk until you are blue in the face and he will simply ignore it or deny it, or get violent again. Yeah, that is experience talking, so listen. You stay, things will not change, except for the worse.
You can't fix him. No one can until he wants to be fixed. Trust me on this. I know rage, anger and denial. Lived it, got the T-shirt and ripped it up.
Look, he is your Dad, you love him and, most terrifying, you rely on him. Stop making excuses for him. He is not a good man.
I want you to read this, then go here and find somewhere you can get help. Not family, but somewhere safe. You get out, right the Eff now.
You tell us, by the weekend, that you are out and safe.
You will help yourself. It may help him. Probably not, but it might.